What’s included in an MOT?
The MOT test is carried out to DVSA guidelines and includes a comprehensive inspection of the vehicle to ensure it is in a roadworthy condition.
The nominated tester will check the following components to ensure each meets the minimum standard set out by the DVSA before issuing an MOT certificate.
Vehicle identification number
A vehicle identification number must be permanently displayed and legible on a vehicle first used on or after 1 August 1980
Condition, security, legibility and format of letters/numbers
Condition, operation, security and correct colour. The headlamps will also be checked to see if the aim is correct
Steering and suspension
Correct condition and operation
Wipers and washers
Do they operate to give the driver a clear view of the road
Condition and drivers view of the road
Correct operation and type
All seatbelts installed are checked for type, condition, operation and security. All compulsory seatbelts must be in place
Front seats secure. Front and rear backseats can be secured in the upright position
No leaks, fuel cap fastens correctly and seals securely. The fuel cap will need to be opened. Make sure the key is available
Vehicle meets the requirement for exhaust emission. These vary on the age and fuel type of the vehicle
Complete, secure, without serious leaks and silences effectively
Free from excessive corrosion or damage in specific areas. No sharp edges
Open and close. Latch securely in closed position. Front doors should open from inside and outside the vehicle. Rear doors may need to be opened to gain access to testable items
Presence, condition and security
Wheels and tyres
Condition, security, tyre size and type, and tread depth. Spare tyres are not tested
Condition, operation and performance (efficiency test). Suitable vehicles will be tested on a roller brake tester. Vehicles such as those with permanent 4-wheel drive will be tested either on a suitable road using a properly calibrated and maintained decelerometer or, if one is installed at the test station, a plate brake tester.
MOT Testing Vehicles with adapted hand controls
During MOT testing custom controls are not inspected as part of the standard MOT test, so it is essential to have your controls regularly maintained and checked. Take your vehicle to a reputable garage, your control manufacturer or an adaptation specialist to have the adaptations inspected when the vehicle is serviced. A list of hand control and adaptation specialists is available from the Mobility Advice And Vehicle Information Service (MAVIS) but please note that inclusion on this list does not infer approval by the Department For Transport.
MOT test changes in 2018
The MoT has undergone some of the most significant changes of its near 60-year history, with the arrival of tougher checks for diesel cars and new defect categories for all cars taking effect on 20 May 2018. All cars going through the MoT test will now have their faults judged against new Minor, Major and Dangerous Defect categories, with Major and Dangerous defects causing a car to automatically fail the test. Cars with Minor faults will pass the test, but their MoT certificates will clearly show that the car passed the test “with defects”, urging owners to effect a “repair as soon as possible”.